BreadCrumbs: Fail2ban

Fail2ban

From Luke Jackson

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Extract Frequent Bans from Messages/Fail2ban.log

Extract frequent offender IP addresses

cat /var/log/messages | grep Ban | cut -d']' -f 2- | cut -d' ' -f 3 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n | cut -c 9-

Logfile excerpt:

Sep 17 23:42:40 core fail2ban.actions: WARNING [sasl-iptables] Ban 212.70.149.20
Sep 17 23:43:38 core fail2ban.actions: WARNING [sasl-iptables] Ban 45.142.120.83
Sep 17 23:44:14 core fail2ban.actions: WARNING [sasl-iptables] Ban 212.70.149.83
Sep 17 23:45:40 core fail2ban.actions: WARNING [sasl-iptables] Ban 212.70.149.52
Sep 18 00:02:05 core fail2ban.actions: WARNING [ssh-iptables] Ban 64.235.45.41
Sep 18 00:22:15 core fail2ban.actions: WARNING [sasl-iptables] Ban 193.169.253.168
Sep 18 00:39:59 core fail2ban.actions: WARNING [sasl-iptables] Ban 78.128.113.120
Sep 18 00:55:38 core fail2ban.actions: WARNING [sasl-iptables] Ban 212.70.149.4

Generate iptables rules (copy/paste IP addresses based on sorted list) [Mac OSX]

for i in `pbpaste`; do echo '-A INPUT -s '$i' -j DROP -m comment --comment "Fail2ban PermaBan!!"'; done

Service Names and Port Numbers

Lookup via /etc/services

cat /etc/services | grep -E ' (25|465|110|995|143|993)\/'

Service Name Data Table

# service-name  port/protocol  [aliases ...]   [# comment]
smtp            25/tcp          mail
smtp            25/udp          mail
pop3            110/tcp         pop-3           # POP version 3
pop3            110/udp         pop-3
imap            143/tcp         imap2           # Interim Mail Access Proto v2
imap            143/udp         imap2
imaps           993/tcp                         # IMAP over SSL
imaps           993/udp                         # IMAP over SSL
pop3s           995/tcp                         # POP-3 over SSL
pop3s           995/udp                         # POP-3 over SSL
urd             465/tcp         smtps   # URL Rendesvous Directory for SSM / SMTP over SSL (TLS)
igmpv3lite      465/udp                 # IGMP over UDP for SSM
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