BreadCrumbs: PostgreSQL


From Luke Jackson

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[[Category:Linux]] [[Category:Linux]]
[[Category:Mac OS X]] [[Category:Mac OS X]]
-[[Category:Windows]]+[[Category:Windows XP]]

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postgresql-server-<VERSION> postgresql-libs-<VERSION> postgresql-devel-<VERSION> postgresql-<VERSION>

On most linux systems you can install the above rpms via yum:

yum install postgresql-server postgresql-libs postgresql-devel postgresql

Configure PostgreSQL to be accessible from remote

The PostgreSQL database server configuration file is postgresql.conf. This file is located in the data directory of the server, typically /var/lib/postgres/data.

1. As root user edit the file

vi /var/lib/postgres/postgresql.conf

2. In the connections and authentications section uncomment or edit the listen_addresses line to your needs and take a careful look at the other lines.

listen_addresses = '*'

3. Hereafter insert the following line in the host-based authentication file pg_hba.conf. This file controls which hosts are allowed to connect, so be careful.

  1. IPv4 local connections:

host all all trust

4. After this you should restart the postmaster for the changes to take effect with

/etc/rc.d/postgresql restart

5. Please consider that the port 5432 should be open, so make sure to configure your firewall correctly.

6. For troubleshooting take a look in the server log file

tail -f /var/log/postgresql.log

Create User


createuser creates a new PostgreSQL user.

  createuser [OPTION]... [USERNAME]

  -a, --adduser             user can add new users
  -A, --no-adduser          user cannot add new users
  -d, --createdb            user can create new databases
  -D, --no-createdb         user cannot create databases
  -P, --pwprompt            assign a password to new user
  -E, --encrypted           encrypt stored password
  -N, --unencrypted         do no encrypt stored password
  -i, --sysid=SYSID         select sysid for new user
  -e, --echo                show the commands being sent to the server
  -q, --quiet               don't write any messages
  --help                    show this help, then exit
  --version                 output version information, then exit

Connection options:
  -h, --host=HOSTNAME       database server host or socket directory
  -p, --port=PORT           database server port
  -U, --username=USERNAME   user name to connect as (not the one to create)
  -W, --password            prompt for password to connect

If one of -a, -A, -d, -D, and USERNAME is not specified, you will
be prompted interactively.

You have to create the superuser as postgres:

su - postgres

One option is to create a super-user with something like:

postgres$ createuser -d -a -P ljackson


ljackson$ createdb ibmadb

then do administrative tasks with that user. I would advise *NOT* using root. If this is a tightly controlled (non-shared) machine, you could make a super user as your normal unix login (which hopefull is not root). Ideally you'll only need root to start the postgres service.

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